Three of the Most Common Mental Health Disorders | A Mini Guide 

It isn’t easy understanding mental health and mental health awareness is futile if you don’t understand mental health disorders. Now the question is, how does one make a start? Well, it’s simple.

I believe you should make a start by understanding the most common mental health disorders first. In this article today, I’m going to highlight three of the most common mental health disorders along with their symptoms and treatment options. Have a look:

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Among all the anxiety disorders, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) remains the most common of them all. It’s a disorder characterized by constant worry and fear, which eventually interferes with your day-to-day life.

According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA), around 6.8 million adults are affected by GAD every year in the US. It is further said that this disorder is more common among women than men.

Symptoms of Generalized Anxiety Disorder 

  • Confusion or being easily startled
  • Feeling twitchy, trembling
  • Constant worries and fears
  • Frequent sweating and fatigue
  • Digestive issues and muscle tension
  • Trouble falling or staying asleep

Treatment of Generalized Anxiety Disorder 

  • Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)
  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
  • Sleep-inducing agents in case of a sleep disorder
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
  • Relaxing techniques like meditation and yoga

Major Depressive Disorder

Major depressive disorder usually called depression is another common mental health disorder. Although many people know about depression, nobody really understands its severity.

Furthermore, as mentioned by the World Health Organization, more than 264 million people have depression worldwide. What makes it sad is the fact that this figure is on the rise and new cases are being reported every day.

Symptoms of Major Depressive Disorder

  • Persistent sadness and pessimism
  • Loss of appetite or binge eating
  • Trouble sleeping and hypersomnia
  • Body aches and fatigue
  • Loss of interest in everyday life activities
  • Suicidal thoughts or previous attempts

Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder 

  • Antidepressants and benzodiazepines
  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
  • A healthy routine with increased physical activity
  • Herbs and plants, including chamomile and lizard king mushrooms

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Last but not least, obsessive-compulsive disorder, commonly referred to as OCD, is also quite common these days. Every other person has OCD these days and guess what? Not even half of them know what it really is and what it requires to be fixed.

As per statistics, OCD affects about 1% of the US population every year, around 2.3 million adults. The average age of people with OCD is between 14 to 45 and it is equally common among both men and women.

Symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder 

  • Unwanted thoughts usually aggressive or sexual
  • Terrible feelings about losing control
  • Horrible thoughts of harming oneself or others
  • Constantly needing things in order
  • Having difficulty tolerating uncertainty
  • Fear of contamination or dirt

Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder 

  • Antidepressants or anti-anxiety medications
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
  • Deep brain stimulation (DBS)
  • Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)
  • Intensive outpatient and residential treatment programs

Besides the ones mentioned above, many other mental health disorders like bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and schizoaffective disorder have become quite common these days. Knowing them is the first step towards recovery, so continue reading. I wish you well, my friends!

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